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ART “4” “2”-DAY  02 March
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^ Died on 02 March 1751: John Smibert (or Smybert), Scottish US painter specialized in Portraits, born on 02 April 1688. [Did people think that his first name was Bert because his mom would proudly say of his paintings: “It's Smybert”?]
— The appearance of a professionally trained British painter in the American colonies in 1729 marks a crucial point in the history of US art. Smibert not only imported the skills necessary to convey the impression of substantial, rounded forms in a picture, but his commercial success also inspired others to contemplate careers as painters. Born in Edinburgh and schooled in London and Italy, Smibert attracted numerous clients upon his arrival in Boston.
— John Smibert divided his early career between Edinburgh, his birthplace, and London, where he variously studied art, worked as a plasterer, painted houses and coaches, and eventually set up as a portrait painter and copyist. He arrived in Italy in 1717, copied master paintings in Florence and Rome for his patron Cosimo III de' Medici, and then returned to London. By 1722 he had a studio there and was considered a leading portraitist. Smibert arrived in the American colonies in 1728, attracted by climate, opportunity, and the promise of employment in a visionary utopian colony to be established in the Bermudas. It failed to materialize, but he remained, the first fully trained artist in the colonies. He established a highly successful portrait practice in Boston.
John Nelson, (1732, 113x91cm)
^ Died on 02 March 1895: Berthe Marie-Pauline Morisot, Mme. Eugène Manet, French Impressionist painter born on 14 January 1841.
— Berthe Morisot was a French impressionist painter. Influenced by the artists Camille Corot and Edouard Manet, she gave up her early classical training to pursue an individualistic impressionistic style that became distinctive for its delicacy and subtlety. Her technique, based on large touches of paint applied freely in every direction, give her works a transparent, iridescent quality. She worked both in oil and in watercolor, producing mainly landscapes and scenes of women and children, as in Madame Pontillon Seated on the Grass (1873).
— Born into a family of wealth and culture, Morisot received the conventional lessons in drawing and painting. She went firmly against convention, however, in choosing to take these pursuits seriously and make them her life's work. Having studied for a time under Camille Corot, she later began her long friendship with Édouard Manet, who became her brother-in-law in 1874 and was the most important single influence on the development of her style. Unlike most of the other impressionists, who were then intensely engaged in optical experiments with color, Morisot and Manet agreed on a more conservative approach, confining their use of color to a naturalistic framework. Morisot, however, did encourage Manet to adopt the impressionists' high-keyed palette and to abandon the use of black. Her own carefully composed, brightly hued canvases are often studies of women, either out-of-doors or in domestic settings. Morisot and US artist Mary Cassatt are generally considered the most important women painters of the later 19th century.
— Berthe Morisot's mother arranged drawing lessons for her three daughters with no other intention than cultivating a polite pastime. That Berthe emerged with professional aspirations must have caused some consternation in their upper-middle-class Parisian household, since it might have compromised her future responsibilities as a wife and mother. Between 1864 and 1868 Morisot exhibited at the Paris Salon. Her early contact with the plein air Barbizon painter Camille Corot and her meeting Edouard Manet, whose work was reviled by both critics and Salon officials, encouraged her to repudiate the Salon system. As a result, she began to follow a more independent path and to exhibit her work with the Impressionists. She married Eugène Manet, Edouard's younger brother in 1874, the year the Impressionists held their first controversial exhibition — her portrait by brother-in-law Manet
Au Bois de Boulogne (1888) — Paris vu du Trocadéro (1872) — Cache-cache (1873, 45x55cm) — Nice Little Girl (Nice: the city)
La lecture (1888) _ This is at once a genre scene and a portrait of Jeanne Bonnet. It conveys Morisot's ability to integrate her art and family life by painting canvases of domestic scenes. Although out-of-doors, the space of Reading is shallow, compressed by a balcony railing and foliage. Morisot employed many compositional devices — the bird cage, the railing and chair, the wall casement, and the palm frond that arches over the sitter's head — to enclose the figure. These forms, associated with the nineteenth-century feminine ideal, also picture a woman's space as a closed world turned in on itself.

Died on a 02 March:

1909 Henriette Ronner-Knip, Dutch artist born on 31 May 1821.
1871 Antoine Léon Morel-Fatio, French artist born on 17 January 1810.
1869 Jan van Ravensway (or Ravenszwaai), Dutch artist born on 29 November 1789.
1847 Louis Ducis, French artist born on 14 July 1775.
1814 reverend Matthey William Peters, British artist born in 1741.
1812 John Raphael Smith, English artist born in 1752. — LINKSA Visit to GrandmotherA Wife (stipple engraving in color, 45x32cm) — ShepherdessMr. Bannister, Jr. and Mr. Parsons
1792 Carl Gustav Pilo, Swedish artist born on 19 March 1711 or 1712.— Carl Gustaf Pilo was one of the 18th century Swedish artists who left Sweden to make their fortune abroad. He moved to Denmark in 1741, becoming painter to the Danish Court. He also became a professor at the Danish Academy of Fine Arts. His prolific output in Denmark consisted mainly of portraits. Gustav III's coup d'état in 1772 turned the Danes against Sweden, and Pilo had to leave Denmark. He settled in his childhood town of Nyköping — His students included Peder Als. — LINKSKirjailija Adam Lenkiewitz (75x61cm)

Born on a 02 March:

1864 Victor Léon Jean Pierre Charreton, French artist who died on 26 November 1936.
1822 William Louis Sonntag, US Hudson River School painter specialized in Landscapes, who died on 22 January 1900. — LINKS
1733 Jean François Gille Colson, French artist who died on 01 March 1803.
1656 Jan-Frans van Douven, German artist who died in 1727.
1603 Pietro Novelli Monrealese, Italian artist who died in August 1647.


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